The kind of diabetes that occurs in young adults and mostly in children is recognized as the type 1 diabetes. The illness was first recognized toward the ending period of the nineteenth century but was classified as a rare clinical situation. During this period, medical practitioners were already aware of the different type of diabetes. During the period it was recognized, there was treatment for children diagnosed with it, while obese adults could manageably align with restriction from diet as compared to children. This starvation idea which was primarily recognized by Allen Frank in the year 1911 has the chances at that time to prolong an individual to living miserably. While children diagnosed with the type 1 diabetes at that time dies of ketoacidosis, starvation and through tuberculosis. However, a secular miracle surface over time – the finding of insulin the year 1921 – 1922. This type of diabetes originally occurs when one’s blood-glucose also known as blood sugar is relatively too high. This blood- sugar is every human major source of energy and is achieved mainly through the type of food we consume every day. Insulin as mentioned above is however a hormone produced by your pancreas, which helps the glucose in one’s blood get in directly in the cells, which in turn is used as energy.
Another important hormone is called the Glucagon which works with your insulin to control the level of blood- glucose. With type 1 diabetes, your body immune system is built against infections act otherwise by attacking and damaging the cells in your pancreas which produces insulin. Consequently, the human pancreas will stop producing insulin. With insulin production in the system, sugar doesn’t not get into one’s cells and your blood-sugar level rises abnormally. This simply that person with the type 1 diabetes must take in the insulin injection every day in order to stay alive. Type 1 diabetes majorly occurs in young adult below the age of 40 year and in children. Being in a family that have the type 1 diabetes many enhance your risk of having the type 1 diabetes. It is recorded that in the United State, over five per cent of person living there are diagnosed of type 1 diabetes. Furthermore, while the type 1 diabetes symptoms are usually critical and happen so quickly within days, the symptoms include hunger for food, tiredness, abnormal weight loss, increase hunger for water and frequent urination. Most times, the first symptoms of the type 1 diabetes are indications of a life threaten illness referred to as the diabetic ketoacidosis and some of this signs of diabetic ketoacidosis include vomiting, trouble while breathing, feeling confused, dry skin, abdominal or stomach upset among others. Notably, the diabetic ketoacidosis is critical and can be very dangerous. Therefore, if you or any of your family members experiences any of these mentioned symptoms and more, it is advised you reach out to your medical doctor immediately or use the nearest hospital near you. Opinions from medical experts have revealed that the type 1 diabetes can be as a result of genes and as a result of environmental factors which includes viruses.
How to treat or manage your type 1 diabetes
Importantly, once you are diagnosed of type 1 diabetes, it is non-negotiable to take in insulin. This is because your system can no longer produce the hormone. The different type of insulin begins to work at different pace and their effect last a different time of length. Medically, one can need more than one type of insulin and can be taken in numerous ways. This common ways include using a syringe, needle, insulin pump or using insulin pen. In addition, a lot of people have troubles reaching their targets by using only insulin, hence diabetes drugs to including pramlintide works with insulin to help manage your type 1 diabetes. The pramlintide, which is given in an injection format, in turn helps your blood-glucose from increasing higher. Very few persons with the type 1 diabetes take in pramlintide. Another medicine that can be used with very little amount of insulin is Metformin. However, low blood sugar also called Hypoglycaemia can also occur if one consumes insulin that do not match with their food or physical activities. Critical low blood sugar can be very dangerous and such requires a very fast treatment for it is life threatening. Aside using the discussed drugs, one can also manage the type 1 diabetes by taking proper care of the body every day. This involves eating properly prepared diabetes meal, being active physically, and by frequently checking your blood-glucose level. Importantly, you must work with your medical experts in order to develop a diabetes care activity that can work for you. Notably, if you are preparing to be a mother and you are diagnosed with the type 1 diabetes, it is important your blood-glucose rate is in check before getting pregnant. Other health problems that you can develop with the type 1 diabetes also include heart disease, eye problems, damage of the nerve, dental disease, problems with the foot, sleep apnea, depression, kidney disease as well as stroke. Also, to prevent the health implication of type 1 diabetes, you can manage your blood pressure, blood glucose level, the quantity of cholesterol among others. For your medical doctor to confirm that you have the type 1 diabetes, he/ she might have to test your blood for some kind of autoantibodies. The autoantibodies are defined as antibodies that primarily attack one’s healthy tissues and cells mistakenly. The appearance of some kind of autoantibodies is very common with the type 1 diabetes as compared with the type 2 diabetes. Additionally, any presence of autoantibodies without the symptoms of diabetes indicates that you or your family members are at a greater risk of developing the type 1 diabetes. Conclusively, the type 1 diabetes also known as juvenile diabetes remains a severe condition that does not allow the production of insulin. Insulin is however a hormone that is needed to allow glucose to enter directly into your cells in order to gain energy and for growth.