What are Triglycerides and What do They do

What are Triglycerides and What do They do

 If you’re suffering from high blood pressure or high cholesterol, you’ve probably heard of the term triglyceride before. Most people aren’t fully aware of what are triglycerides and what do they do. They don’t even know why it is so essential for the body to maintain low level of triglyceride.

What are triglycerides and what do they do?

According to the triglycerides definition, the particles are made up of glycerol and three fatty acid groups. They are mostly the main components of natural fat and oil. The body requires these triglycerides as a store of energy; this energy is later on used to perform metabolic processes. Most of the food is converted into triglycerides and stored for future purposes. Hormones signal the body when it requires triglycerides to break for enough energy to carry out metabolic tasks. Based upon their very nature, triglycerides don’t seem that harmful, but these are lipid deposits. You should not let them go high in level because they may lead to cardiovascular issues.

What are the causes of high triglyceride levels?

Obesity and diabetes are the primary causes of high triglyceride levels that need a lot of care for better health. Certainly, you might have high triglyceride levels if you consume more calories than usual. You need to understand that this problem depends upon the type of food you eat. The body usually stores energy from the food and takes it out whenever needed. If the food contains high level of carbohydrates and sugars, the amount of triglyceride produced is more significant.

Binge drinking may also lead to a spike in triglyceride levels. This sudden rise causes the body to suffer from inflamed pancreas, which is named as pancreatitis. In addition, several diseases like hypothyroidism, kidney disease and certain lipid disorders are quite obvious in this condition.

What are the effects of high triglyceride levels?

High level of triglycerides can have several negative effects on the body. Atherosclerosis is the most common problem in the list. It refers to narrowing of arteries due to the amount of fatty deposits on their walls. This can lead to several severe conditions like a heart attack, stroke and peripheral artery disease. To know what are triglycerides and what do they do, you should remember that they can also cause liver diseases. Just like pancreatitis, liver may also lose its efficiency and performance.

It is difficult to pinpoint the exact effects of high triglyceride level because they go hand in hand high cholesterol level, obesity, and diabetes.

How is triglyceride different from cholesterol?

To understand the impact of triglycerides better, it is important to differentiate them from cholesterol. Triglycerides are the energy particles stored in the body whereas cholesterol is used in the creation of specific cells and hormones. There are two types of cholesterol: HDL and LDL cholesterol that serve for different purposes. HDL cholesterol is beneficial as it does not accumulate within the body and stored in the liver. On the other hand, LDL cholesterol is bad because it deposits in the blood vessels as plaque and lead to different heart problems.

How to measure the level of triglycerides?

Normally, doctors recommended to perform the standard blood test and pay attention of lipid profile. Because it is the part of cholesterol test, it explains the proportion of HDL and LDL cholesterol. It is essential to fast overnight in order to receive as accurate results as possible. If you want to know triglycerides meaning, you have to follow every step as dictated. After the test, you have to wait for 12 hours to get the results. The results and their interpretation are as follows;
• 110-150 Milligrams per deciliter(mg/dl) are an average amount for the body
• 151-190 mg/dl lead to the significant rise in triglyceride
• 191-399 mg/dl show high levels of triglyceride
• Any reading above 400mg show severe condition of triglycerides

With 400mg or above reading, you might be at the risk of developing pancreatitis and other serious heart diseases. So, you should search for a qualified doctor to receive consultation for appropriate treatment.

How to lower high triglyceride levels?

The first and most natural method of lowering high triglycerides level is losing weight. Triglycerides are the resultant of high consumption of calories than needed on regular basis. To achieve weight loss, you need to do regular exercise, walk for at least 30 minutes and take a balanced diet. Research has shown that losing 10% of your body weight can lead to a 40mg/dl reduction in triglycerides level. Weight loss may be a daunting take but losing weight doesn’t necessarily mean consuming less food. Rather, you just have to bring some changed into your lifestyle.
Another simple and effective way to lower triglyceride levels is to reduce sugar consumption. Diets that are low in sugar and carbs are an effective way of lowering triglyceride in the blood. In addition, you need to add more fiber to your diet so that they can strengthen small intestines to fight for the body.


Moving away from the dietary methods, physical exercise is one of the most recommended ways of to get rid of triglyceride. Aerobic exercises increase HDL cholesterol and keep the body active and energetic to perform daily routine tasks.

Another unpopular but incredibly useful method is to decrease alcohol consumption as much as possible. You have to understand that alcoholic drinks contain high amount of sugar and calories that may even lead to a severe condition, hypertriglyceridemia.


Anyone can be at risk of suffering from high triglyceride levels. In case of any problem in the body, you should immediately see a doctor before it becomes more severe. You should immediately see a doctor and take appropriate medication in order to get rid of its effects. Also, you have to know high triglycerides symptoms and trace their presence in the body. This way, you can have better idea about how to make changes in the lifestyle. Just be sure to know
triglycerides meaning before taking any step.