The human structure entails just two kidneys on both sides of the spine. These two kidneys are approximate to be the same size as the fist of a human being. The kidneys are equally located posterior to the human abdomen and also below the cage of your rib. The kidney however plays a lot of role in regulating and balancing your health. One important function of your kidney is to filter out any waste materials from your blood. This extraction of waste is later flush out from your system through urine. Equally, the kidneys also have the advantage of controlling the level of essential minerals and water stored in your system. They are very important to the production of red blood cells, production of hormone that assist in regulating blood pressure as well as in the production of Vitamin D. If ever your medical doctor feels your kidneys are not working properly and efficiently, you might just have to undergo a kidney function tests.
The kidney function test is recognized as a just blood and urine test. They are best to identify any kinds of challenges your kidney might have developed or what wrong with your kidney. It is also required that you undergo a kidney function test if you know other health condition around you can damage your kidney, such as high blood pressure and diabetes. The symptoms that can show that your kidneys are not working properly includes a case of blood in your urine, high blood pressure, urge for urination, difficulty while urinating, pain during urination, and inflammation of the hands and feet as a result of fluids build up in the body. One among this listed symptoms might not mean anything serious at the initial, but if it continue to occur simultaneously, this simply implies that your kidney are not working well. Undergoing a kidney can help you in determining if your kidneys are alright. Furthermore, to test your kidney, it is important that you that your doctor must process a sets of blood test that can determine your glomerular filtration rate. This will help know how effective your kidneys are flushing out the unwanted waste in your body.
This kind of test allows the screening for the appearance of blood in your urine and protein. There are many possible causes for protein to be present in your urine, not all however lead to disease. Bacteria and fungi infection enhances urine protein, and so does exercising. It is expected that you provide a day urine collection sample for test. This will assist your doctor in seeing how fast Creatinine is been flush out of your body. Creatinine is defined as the breakdown products of tissue muscles.
This blood test for your kidney help in examining the build up of Creatinine in your blood. The kidneys are expected to totally flush out Creatinine from your blood – this is because a high concentration of Creatinine in your body reveals that you have a kidney problem. According to medical experts, if your Creatinine level is higher than 1.2 milligram/decilitre in women and 1.4mg/dl in men, it is a sign that you have kidney problem.
Blood Urea Nitrogen
This blood test for your kidney, the blood urea nitrogen also check for different waste product in the blood. This test helps in estimating the total of nitrogen in your blood. However, urea nitrogen is recognized as a breakdown product of protein. It is important to know that not all blood urea nitrogen is as a result of damage of the kidney. Some medications to including large amount of aspirin and several other types of antibiotics can also enhance your blood urea nitrogen. It is very crucial your medical doctor about any drug or supplement before taking them. You might need to stop some kind of drugs before the day of the test. Very normal blood urea nitrogen is around 7 to 20mg/dl. If higher than this, it simply means several kinds of health challenges.
This type of test help in determining how your kidneys are flushing out waste. The estimated GFR also help in determining the rate at which your kidney works by looking at your gender, age, height, race and weight. According to records, any result below 60milliters/minute/1.73m2 can be an important warning signal for kidney disease.
However, any kind of kidney function test entails your 24hours urine as well as your blood test. The 24 hours urine test is seen as a Creatinine clearance test that assist you doctor in knowing how the Creatinine in your expel in a day. On the day you would like to start the test, you can urinate into your toilet as usual but for the rest of the day or in the night, you have to urinate into a special and clean container that was given by your doctor. You must keep this container closely tight and refrigerated while collecting your urine. Also, remember to label the container given to you clearly and explain to your family why you have your urine in the refrigerator.
Using the blood sample method to determine if your kidneys are working properly, the laboratory technician will have to firstly tie around your upper arm an elastic band – this will make your vein stand out for easy needle penetration. Right after this is achieved, the lab technician will then have to clear an area over your vein. Then slip into your vein a hollow needle. The tied vein will allow the flow of blood into the test tube that would be sent for analysis in the laboratory. Ideally, you will have to feel a sharp prick of needle when it enters into your arm. The laboratory technician will have to place a bandage over the puncture area right after the test. Importantly, the puncture area might develop into injury or bruise overtime but it is normal that you don’t in any way feel long or severe pain.