Resveratrol is a natural compound that is always found in blueberries, Japanese knotweed, red grape skin, peanuts, as well as other berries. Some plants produce powerful antioxidants to offer them protection from the environmental stresses. Antioxidants are responsible for neutralizing free radicals that can cause aging. Therefore, you need to know what is resveratrol and what does it do.
Resveratrol can be produced in grapes’ skin for the sake of protecting the plant from the sun damage and fungal diseases; so, wine does have resveratrol’s higher levels, unlike some natural food. Generally, red wine has little resveratrol, though it has certain amount of resveratrol as compared to the white wine since red wines are always fermented with some grape skins for a long duration, unlike the white wines. Therefore, several antioxidants i.e. resveratrol, which are naturally in grape skin, can be extracted into wine. What is more, resveratrol is ever present in the seeds.
In most humid environments, grapes have more resveratrol, unlike those that are planted in arid environments. This is because the grapes planted in the humid environments are known for producing more resveratrol, which are essential when it comes to fighting damaging fungus (for instance, grapes planted in the arid environments; they don’t have to produce much resveratrol for their survival).
Some scholars have hypothesized resveratrol to be the cause of heart disease’s low rates in France unlike other populations, despite them being associated with several risk factors, such as a high-fat-diet, high consumption of coffee and smoking. These factors cause high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart attacks and stroke. In theory, this is of great significance because of the moderate consumption of the red wine, which is believed to be produce resveratrol. In wine, some ingredients or some factors are known for contributing longevity, which can be seen in France.
As the dietary supplements, resveratrol is available. Japanese knotweed produces a good number of supplements on the market since Japanese knotweed naturally has the resveratrol’s highest concentrations.
The resveratrol’s amount as well as purity in the supplements varies widely. Also, micronized resveratrol can be in either powder form or pill. Resveratrol is known for having lower systemic bioavailability. It cannot be well-absorbed orally. Micronization process is responsible for greatly reducing average compound’s particle size in addition to increasing absorption.
Resveratrol can also be in the solution form. Also it can be in form of transdermal patch. As the dietary supplement, the US Food and Drug Administration have not approved the resveratrol’s effectiveness
How Does Resveratrol Work?
For you to know how it works, you must know what is resveratrol and what does it do. Resveratrol is responsible for protecting the DNA of a cell. Also, it is an effective antioxidant. Antioxidants are of great help when it comes to preventing the cell damage, which is caused by the free radicals. The free radicals are atoms, which are not stable and they are caused by sunlight and pollution and when our bodies naturally burn fat brings about aging, brain degeneration and cancer.
Benefits of Resveratrol
It has several health benefits for instance protecting the circulatory system and heart, lowering cholesterol, as well as offering protection against clots that that are responsible for causing stroke and heart attacks. According to animal studies, resveratrol can also lower levels of blood sugar. Since several people use resveratrol as an antioxidant, several incidences of some cancers can be reduced. Also, resveratrol is responsible for lowering brain plaque levels in the Alzheimer’s disease. Nevertheless, wellcontrolled, there are no human clinical trials and certain resveratrol claims, which are in relation to the animal studies in the mice. It is assumed to be a dietary supplement, though it has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for certain indications. Definitive studies can demonstrate appropriate doses, long-term safety as well as uses, though its effectiveness has never been conducted.
Nevertheless, the resveratrol’s clinical utility among humans is still under investigation. According to Animal studies, especially in mice, there is a possibility of experiencing weight loss, reduced insulin resistance, in addition to mortality reduction in the diabetes. The anti-cancer effects, in the animal models, were demonstrated. There are even numerous resveratrol heart benefits that people should be sure about.
Drugs Affecting Resveratrol
No researcher has managed to carry out drug interaction studies related to resveratrol. Nevertheless, the drug interaction with the blood thinners ought to be considered. Patients under blood thinning medications, for instance clopidrogrel, aspirin or warfarin ought to advise the physician that they have been taking resveratrol. Furthermore, patient ought to be always informing physicians of their over-thecounter drugs or dietary supplements they have been using.
Who cannot take Resveratrol?
People suffering from blood disorders that cause bleeding ought to consider doctor’s guidance as they take this product. Individuals undergoing surgery ought not to use resveratrol about two weeks before actual date of surgery. In addition, they need not to not take it, after the surgery, for two weeks since this reduces the bleeding-related risks.
Excess amounts of the natural foods, which have resveratrol or resveratrol supplement, ought not to be taken by breast-feeding or pregnant women. There is insufficient research regarding this area for the sake of proving safety. In children, resveratrol ought to be avoided.
Resveratrol to certain extent is associated with mild estrogenic activity. So, before taking resveratrol, when more ought to be known, women suffering from cancers as well as other conditions, which that are estrogen sensitive ought to consider seeking for medical advice.
Resveratrol can reduce the activities of enzymes, which are involved with the drug metabolism, though whether this has significant effects in some humans that have not been determined.
Resveratrol’s Side effects
Apart from knowing what is resveratrol and what does it do, you need to know its side effects. Adverse resveratrol’s effects in humans haven’t been realized. Long-term resveratrol’s side effects are not
known. According to a small and brief clinical trial, which was carried out in 2011 in the obese patients given 150 mg each day of resveratrol did not managed to determine any adverse reactions.